There are three basic elements of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus. First, there is the guidance of children to optimize the stages of visual development. Second is the treatment of various eye muscle imbalances. Finally is the treatment of tear duct developmental anomalies.
A child’s eye exam
The visual system of children differ greatly from that of adults because they are constantly developing. The period of most rapid and critical development occurs soon after birth and extends until approximately eight to nine years of age. During this time children are highly vulnerable to the development of Amblyopia. Amblyopia is a disorder in which the visual connection between the eye and brain does not mature correctly. The treatment of Amblyopia is simple. It involves the use of glasses, eye drops and or glasses. If treated too late, Amblyopia may result in permanent visual impairment.